Genetics: Pure Hindu Kush Resin Landrace
Sourcing: Sourced in Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Purpose: Charas (sieved)
Latitude: 34° N
Height: Over 3 metres
Aroma: Intense hashish
Characteristics: Broad- to medium-width leaflets, adaptated to temperatures of 50°c
Grow Type: Outdoor, greenhouse, or indoor
A very large, resinous landrace collected on the southern fringes of the Hindu Kush, with leaflets ranging from broad- to medium-width. Plants readily tolerate temperatures of 50°c or more.
Mardan is at the heart of a region once known as Gandhara, from where some of the earliest written accounts of psychoactive cannabis most likely originate. Some of these texts have been mistakenly attributed to Taoism, such as Chinese accounts of using cannabis to see into the future or converse with spirits. These Chinese texts are in fact Buddhist, and likely Gandharan in origin.
Mardan itself is the site of Takt i Bahi, a Buddhist monastery dating to the 1st century CE. Among the earliest and most beautiful statues of Shakyamuni Buddha have been recovered from the site. Originally, it was customary to only represent the Buddha through images such as footprints or vanishing deer, thereby suggesting his elusiveness and transcendence. With the era of Alexander and the Indo-Greek kingdoms, Hellenistic sculpture styles began to be common. The primary influence on the classic form of the Buddha we know today was the traditional Greek representation of Apollo. At Mardan, cannabis culture fused with Greek, steppe, Mahayana, and Tantric Buddhist influences.
Landraces in Pakistan now face a serious threat from introduced hybrids, which are being introduced to the region at an ever-accelerating speed due to the Internet. Within the next decade, it’s highly likely that pure landraces will become critically endangered as millennia of biodiversity are wiped out.